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Investment Casting and Sand Casting

Author : Date : 2017-6-6 10:28:51
      Sand casting and investment casting are methods of creating metal parts by pouring molten metal into three-dimensional molds. Although methods are thousands of years old,
both have been refined over the years to minimize the amount of metal used and reduce any extensive machining and finishing required. But significant differences exist between these two methods of making metal parts.
     Due to the complexity and preparation needed, investment casting is often much more expensive than sand casting. But sand casting cannot always make the small,
intricate parts possible with investment casting. And while investment castings can make parts weighing only fractions of an ounce, they are limited in terms of the size and weight of parts made with sand casting.
    For comparison, investment castings can weigh a fraction of an ounce, such as for dental braces, or more than 1,000 lb. for complex aircraft engine parts. S
maller components can be cast at hundreds per tree, while heavier castings often are made using an individual tree.
   The weight limit of investment castings depends on the mold-handling equipment at the casting plant. Most U.S. facilities cast parts up to 20 lb. However,
many domestic facilities are increasing their capability to pour larger parts, and components in the 20 to 120 range are becoming common.
    Another major difference between investment and sand casting is the surface finish of the final product. With sand casting, the mold has to be split apart to release the final product.
As a result, finished parts have a seam left by the parting lines in the mold. And the sand, which is relatively rough, leaves an equally rough surface on cast parts.
In many instances, the parting line and roughness are smoothed over in secondary machining processes, but this requires additional time and labor.
  Investment casting, on the other hand, uses ceramic molds that are hard. Finished parts exhibit smooth surfaces and low tolerances, and can have thin walls.
After removing the gates and sprues, the cast parts often don’t require any secondary processing.
     Investment casting uses liquid slurry to form the molds, so cast parts can have almost any shape, giving engineers extraordinary freedom in their designs to add intricate features and complex shapes.
Sand-cast parts usually have to be tapered (with draft angles) or shaped so that they come out of the compacted sand easily and with little friction.
It’s also a challenge to sand-cast parts with internal voids or cavities. It requires cores properly shaped and inserted in the mold to form the part’s interior. Several cores may be needed,
and it can be time-consuming to form and secure them within each mold.
    One advantage of sand casting is that it is relatively simple to change the mold (by modifying the pattern or core boxes, often made of wood) to accommodate design changes.
With investment casting, technicians may need to modify or replace the solid metal pattern, or make new molds for turning out wax versions, which can be a more complicated process.

  XInkai Machinery offer different customized housing castings and CNC machinery,No matter sand casting or investment casting,Xinkai Machinery can cast.